borobudur temple is not just a rock

As one of the seven wonders of the world, Borobudur was built by using the + / - 55,000 m3 of rock. This building height until the top is 42m, with a base width of 123 m. Upright and sturdy towering keangkasa and is part of the history of 12th-century-old. When exactly this temple was founded is not known with certainty. The absence of written evidence caused the full darkness of Borobudur. Determination of age conducted by observing the basic pattern and carved temple-style carvings that show middle Java 8th century BC.


Since built in the 8th century, the history of emerged borobudur drowned. Once completed, borobudur into research and development center of Buddhist religion. The followers of this religion, visit Borobudur Buddhist religious learning. The entire series of reliefs borobudur teachings of Buddhist religion. At that time borobudur building became the center of attention and revered as a sacred building.

But it did not last long. Along with the decline of Buddhist religion, its adherents borobudur left. After the dynasty Cailendra (Caila = mountain, Indra = King) disappears, borobudur no news story. Borobudur centuries of darkness closed. There is no writing or news about borobudur.


Along with the migration to the central Javanese kingdom of East Java, practical borobudur be neglected anymore. Former volcanic ash that blanketed the media borobudur for the grass grow and shrubs. Small trees begin to make borobudur grew transformed into a stone-covered mound of bush and haunted look that makes people afraid to approach.

In the early 18 th century, British Governor-General named Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, received reports of the existence of a large temple tertutp with bushes. Raffles then sent his officers, H.C. Cornelius to visit the great temple, which was the borobudur. Cleared bush, so that there appeared a temple with Buddhist statues are many in number. Temple is a sad situation, because so many parts that had collapsed. Many statues are broken, his head was broken and his arm stump. Unfortunately Inggirs government did not last long. Research and attempt to improve borobudur become dormant again. But since then borobudur starting note. With the opening of the Raffles, many people visit borobudur.

Buddhist Gods

Dutch government which came to power again, getting interested. Unfortunately not everyone means well. Statues and parts of the beautiful temple taken many people or government officials. One example was in 1896, the Dutch East Indies government, through the Resident Kedu, took eight carts full of statues and the beautiful borobudur to gift to the King of Siam. King Chulalangkon was visiting Borobudur and very interested in Buddhist statues from the temple. So diangkutlah gift from the Dutch to the country. Until now the borobudur valuables were kept in the Museum Bangkok, Thailand ..

In the year 1907 until 1911 borobudur heavily restored. Leadership restoration is Ir. Th. Van Erp, a Dutch engineer who was talented and had great concern over the fate borobudur. Very large costs are available, which nearly collapsed borobudur dismantled one by one. Then the stones are scattered collected. The circuits are sought and incorporated separately. Series of experiments the same set was very difficult and long. Need accuracy and patience to do so and should not be in error in that process in order to obtain its original shape when the temple was built.

Van Erp's work ultimately satisfactory, although many parts are missing, but borobudur looks amazing. Unfortunately, natural processes can not be prevented. Rain and dirt always overwrite borobudur, making moss grow fast and some parts of the temple began leaning, tenuous and vanish. Finally on August 10, 1973 the Indonesian government, with the help of funds and experts from around the world to process large-scale restoration of Borobudur. The restoration took place almost perfect, and the results can be enjoyed until now.
(summarized from the book by Aiaz Borobudur Rajasa, which are sold at many locations to visit temples)
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Borobudur temple architecture is very interesting, consisting of three main parts of legs, body and head of the temple. In borobudur walls carved reliefs. Relief is a series of stories that depicted in one frame (panel) for one scene. There are thousands of frames in this temple plus hundreds of Buddhist sculptures found in the stupas and niches available on the temple walls.

buddhist gods


A unique thing, that this temple was architecturally interesting format or structured mathematically. each bagain leg, body and head candi always have a ratio of 4:6:9. Placement-placement stupanya also have its own meaning, plus the existence of the expected relief related to astronomy was made borobudur is an interesting historical evidence for the observed.

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